The dissertation deals with design applicability of research results in Istanbul in residential buildings by defining the relationship between form and performance, especially the dynamic and adaptive potential of the building envelope and assessing the environmental functions, attributes and performance of buildings and outdoor spaces.
The base case model was built as five thermal zones, where corridor consists of the bathroom and storage space. The other four thermal zones are bedroom facing North, bedroom facing Northwest or Northeast living room and kitchen.
It can be seen that from the annual percentage of comfort hours, the whole flat experience under heating problems except the living room since it is orientated to the south. In the winter period, bedrooms are performed worse than the living room since they are orientated to the north. The living room has the lowest heating demand because of the orientation and the solar gain through the window is more than the other orientations.
Also, the aim of the dissertation is to evaluate the potential use of new materials and technologies by formulating design guidelines and proposals for new or existing buildings taking account of context, climate, and occupancy.
Certain passive design strategies are simulated for each season and according to the results for winter, in order to benefit from the sun, glazed balconies should be placed on the south façade, and also on east and west façade. Furthermore, to reduce the heat losses on the north façade, night shutters must be applied. However, for the summer period, shading devices and natural ventilation could be applied in order to reduce the periods of overheating.